Ask an adventurer about their dream, they will answer you with a word; EVEREST. Who would not want to reach the top of the world? Who would not want to touch the sky? It’s the trip of the lifetime, Its Everest Expedition. Mount Everest, also known as The Sagarmatha in Nepali is the tallest peak on earth with an altitude of 8848m. The southern face lies in Nepal whereas the northern face is in Tibet. In 1715, China surveyed the mountain for the first time while they were mapping Chinese territory and depicted it as Mount Qomolangma. British India government in 1856 again measured Mount Everest during their Great Trigonometry Survey. Back then, it was named as Peak XV and said to be 8840m tall.
Peak XV was renamed after Sir George Everest as Mount Everest, name given in his honor, who was lead surveyor in 1856. Sir George was Welsh Surveyor; he was surveyor general of India for thirteen years from 1830. The Everest has fascinated the mountaineers all around the globe since 1920s when Tibet opened the climbing in early 1920s. In 1922 British Expedition team led by Charles Bruce tried to scale the summit of Mount Everest for the first time. It was Edward Norton in his second attempt along with British Expedition team set the height of 8572m. The mountaineers George Mallory and Andrew Irvine disappeared on the third attempt. Mallory’s body was found in 1999. There were several attempts made to Everest before the successful attempt made by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on 29 May 1953 via the South route. It is now reported that around 1000 ascent attempts are made every year.
We will take the southern route to the summit. This trip suits for those who has previous experiences of few 7000m peaks or even more. The real trek apparently starts from the Base Camp and to reach the base camp takes you around 7 days on foot. We will move on to Camp I (6,065m) where we will see Khumbu glacier. From Khumbu Glacier, it around 450m on a gradual slope to Camp II (6,500m) and around 610m to Camp III (7,200m). Camp III is located at the head of Lhotse. From this point onwards, you will need oxygen cylinders. You will reach the Camp IV (7,910m) after just crossing 8000m elevations. This point is also known as the Death Zone.
Mount Everest Expedition is undoubtedly a lifetime opportunity. Nevertheless, these expeditions encounter many hindrances such as high altitude, severe weather conditions and avalanches. One must be well trained before actually trying it. You need to get your body ready for the 8848m-foot climb to Everest’s summit. Depending on your current level of fitness, you need to train for several months before you start your ascent. A climber must build his/her cardiovascular strength along with muscular strength; oxygen level drops by 60-70 percent from sea level. Also make sure you can carry big bag packs to top, as you will be carrying cylinder of oxygen and large bag packs along with you. One must acclimatize with weather conditions and be prepared for rock falls, avalanches. Learning rescue techniques would be added advantages.
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